This tiny island in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, known as Land of Fire and Ice, may appear to be a lonely place, but don’t let that mislead you! There are tremendous rivers, rich valleys, glaciers, mountains, old lava fields, and bleak heights on this hyperactive island. The only thing that makes it tiny is its population of roughly 350 000 people.
Iceland is located on the mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is the boundary between Europe and North America.
Many volcanoes exist in the country, but not all of them are currently active. Despite her beauty, Hekla was formerly supposed to be the gateway to hell. In addition to Mrdalsjökull, there is also Eyjafjallajökull, which is notorious for its disruption of aviation traffic. As well as Krafla in the north, all of these volcanoes are located in the south and have erupted during the previous century.
As much as 11% of Iceland is covered in glaciers. Vatnajökull, the largest, has an ice crown up to 1km thick in certain spots, making it the thickest. An ice cave has been excavated on Langjökull, which is conveniently accessible from Reykjavik. Snfellsjökull, one of the lesser glaciers on the Snfellsnes Peninsula, was the setting for Jules Verne’s renowned novel Journey to the Center of the Earth.
Rivers and waterfalls are fed by glacial meltwater, which is seen across the nation. Aquatic life can be found in abundance in many of the spring fed rivers and lakes. The gorgeous lava fields that cover 11 percent of Iceland’s landscape are also apparent indicators of volcanic activity.
Energy from geothermal sources is used to heat buildings and generate electricity. In Iceland, this method of heating accounts for about 90 percent of all dwellings. To be precise, hydroelectric electricity is used by just 31 so-called cold zones in the country; the rest rely on fossil fuels. It is estimated that roughly 15 percent of the world’s energy consumption is derived from fossil fuels. Iceland experiences less environmental contamination as a result of its use of geothermal energy.
Why is Iceland known as the land of fire and ice, you may ask? At high latitudes in the north, glaciers and volcanoes have a special bond that no one else has. Both of these natural wonders have shaped and sculpted our unique land into the magnificent spectacle you’ll get to see as you travel through it on your journey. With its extended daylight hours and Northern Lights, or its midnight sun in summer, you’ll see why Iceland is known as “the land of the midnight sun.”